Top 10 export commodities in Indonesia: A crucial engine for economic growth

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As the world's fourth most populous country, Indonesia boasts a robust economy, significantly benefiting from its abundant natural resources and diverse export commodities. The nation's export market is essential to its economic growth, contributing to job creation and overall prosperity. In this article, we will delve deeper into the top 10 export commodities exported by the country, examine their importance in driving Indonesia’s economy forward, and explore the various nations that Indonesia exports its commodities to. 

The rich landscape of Indonesia's export market

What makes Indonesia so competitive in the export market are the various commodities that it offers. A blend of abundant natural resources and manufactured goods, the country's exports encompass a diverse array of products across multiple categories, making it an enticing destination for global buyers. To provide an extensive overview of Indonesia's export market, we have compiled a list of the top 10 export commodities as reported by Indonesia Investments; they are:

  • Coal: Indonesia is one of the main players in the global coal market, exporting 241.1 million tonnes of oil equivalent in recent years. This represents 6.3% of the world's coal supply, demonstrating the nation's dominance in this vital energy resource.
  • Coalbed methane: With an estimated 453 trillion cubic feet of reserves, Indonesia is poised to contribute significantly to the global coalbed methane market. Accounting for 6.0% of the world's reserves, this untapped energy source has immense potential for future exports.
  • Cocoa: As one of the world's biggest cocoa producers (third in the world), Indonesia plays a crucial role in the global chocolate industry. Producing 0.48 million tonnes annually, the country accounts for 12.2% of the worldwide cocoa supply.
  • Coffee: Indonesia's coffee production reaches 9.4 million bags (60 kg/bag) annually, contributing 6.6% to the global coffee market. With a rich history and diverse coffee-growing regions (Java, Sumatra, and Sulawesi), Indonesian coffee is highly sought after internationally.
  • Footwear: Indonesia has emerged as a leading footwear exporter thanks to its skilled workforce and cost-effective production capabilities. From athletic shoes to fashionable sandals, Indonesian footwear is in high demand across the globe, with annual exports amounting to an approximate of US$6.17 billion as compared to the import value of overseas sourced footwear that is estimated to be around US$732.23 million.
  • LNG Gas: Indonesia's natural gas production is currently at 75.0 billion m³, accounting for 2.1% of the global output. The country's vast reserves and strategic location make it an essential player in the international natural gas market. 
  • Palm Oil: As the world's largest palm oil producer, Indonesia exports approximately 46 million tonnes of crude palm oil annually. This commodity is versatile in use and is in high demand across various industries, from food to biofuels.
  • Paper Products: Indonesia is a significant producer and exporter of paper products, including pulp, paper, and paperboard. With an export value of around US$4.22 billion worth of paper being shipped to overseas destinations such as China, Japan, Vietnam, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Pulp exports are also significant, with a value of US$3.28 billion being exported to several countries such as China, Korea, India, Bangladesh, and Vietnam.
  • Rice: Indonesia's rice production amounts to 70.6 million tonnes, contributing 9.5% to the global rice supply. As a staple food in many countries, Indonesian rice plays a crucial role in feeding populations worldwide.
  • Rubber (Natural): Indonesia is one of the main natural rubber producers in the world, with an output of 3.2 million tonnes, accounting for 26.7% of global production. This essential commodity is used in various industries, such as automotive, construction, and manufacturing.

Indonesia's key export markets

Indonesia's main export commodities are shipped to a diverse range of international trading partners, reflecting the country's strategic position in the global economy. Some of the countries that Indonesia exports its top 10 commodities to include China, the United States, Japan, India, and Malaysia. By catering to these key markets, Indonesia can tap into the vast potential of global trade and drive its economic growth.

In addition to these significant shipping partners, Indonesia also exports to many other countries, highlighting the nation's commitment to fostering international trade relationships. With a strong focus on regional cooperation, Indonesia continues to strengthen its ties with neighbouring countries in the ASEAN region and beyond.

Partner with a premier service provider for seamless export solutions

As a key player in Indonesia's export market, choosing a reliable and efficient shipping partner is essential to ensure your commodities reach their destination without delay and in excellent condition. DHL Express is the leading service provider for businesses exporting Indonesia's top commodities, offering unparalleled expertise, an extensive global network, and a strong commitment to customer satisfaction.

With DHL Express, businesses can benefit from a range of services, including door-to-door delivery, customs clearance assistance, and shipment tracking options. This ensures transparency and efficiency throughout the shipping process, allowing businesses to focus on their core operations and expand their operations in the international markets while their export shipments are expertly handled by us. Whether you're exporting palm oil, food products such as coffee or cocoa, or pulp and paper from Indonesia, we can provide a fast and secure shipping experience from start to finish. Open a business account today and discover how we can help your export business thrive in the competitive global market.