Malaysian imports into Thailand skyrocketed by 28.4% to 60.77 billion between 2021 and 2022. This signals a strong demand for Malaysian imports and makes it an attractive location for Malaysian businesses to expand into.
To start importing into Thailand, let’s first understand Thailand’s import taxes and duties
There are 3 types of duties and taxes levied on imported goods into Thailand.
In Thailand, Customs Duties are determined using specific values or ad valorem rates, ranging from 0% to 80%, with the higher rate being applied. Since both Malaysia and Thailand are WTO members, they share the benefit of enjoying the most favorable tariff rates available under the MFN principle.
The MFN rate varies by product. In 2020, the average of MFN rate applied on Malaysia imports was 10.2%.
Here's the average rate of MFN for 2 different categories of products:
Additionally, Thailand has made a tariff commitment in the World Trade Organization (WTO). 75.2% of products' tarriff are bound, which means the tariff rate for these products will not exceed the rate agreed. The average bound tariff rate in the WTO is 28%.
Thailand levies VAT on the sales of goods and provisions of services at a standard rate of 10%. However, the VAT rate is currently reduced to 7% until September 2023.
Thailand levies Excise Tax on imported goods considered ‘luxuries’. Excise Tax is calculated based on an ad valorem basis. A percentage of the suggested retail price (SRP) and/or specific rates based on the quantity or weight of goods. Here's the table of the the taxable goods and services:
Despite having 3 types of duties and taxes enforced, imported goods entering Thailand that are not considered luxuries are only subjected to customs duty and VAT.
Nonetheless, it's crucial to know the calculation of each duty to stay vigilant on how you're charged.
To calculate customs duty, begin by identifying the Harmonised System (HS) codes of your goods, which can be found on the official site of Thai customs. Then, use the HS code to locate the tariff rates,which may follow either an ad valorem or specific rule.
Let's say if you're sending 2000 units of umbrella that worth BHT 100 each with an ad valorem rate of 100%. This is how the calculation looks like:
Calculate the total value of shipment
2,000 umbrellas x BHT 100 = BHT 200,000
BHT 200,000 + BHT 1,000 (insurance and freight cost) = BHT 201,000
Calculate Payable Duty
BHT 201,000 x 100%(ad valorem rate) = BHT 201,000
As conclusion, the customs duty applies on this shipment is BHT 201,000.
To calculate VAT, multiply the value of goods by the VAT rate.
Extending from the previous example of 2000 units umbrella worth BHT100 each, this is how the calculation look like:
Calculate total shipment value
2000 x BHT 100 = BHT 200,000
Calculate the VAT
BHT 200,000 x 7% = BHT 14,000
In this case, the VAT payable is BHT 14,000 for 2000 umbrellas worth BHT 100 each.
The calculation for excise tax is divided into 4 parts:
The customs duties threshold of Thailand is BHT 1,500.
Thai customs exempts imports with a total CIF value less than BHT 1500 from paying customs duties and taxes.
Other than this, all imports are subject to duties and taxes based on their respective assigned rates.
Thailand exempts customs duty and VAT for imported goods valued under THB 1,500.
Although there are no Free Trade Agreements between Malaysia and Thailand, imports from both nations benefit from a relatively lower tariff rate due to the Most-Favoured-Nation (MFN) principles, a trade policy embraced by members of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
There are 4 ways to pay import duties and taxes in Thailand:
Payment can be made at the cashier located at the port of entry.
Upon payment, Thai Customs will issue a receipt for cargo inspection and release. Payments can be made in either cash or by check.
Accepted checks include:
Bank of Thailand (BOT) checks
Checks with banks’ surety bonds
Drafts or Bills of Exchange
Since January 1, 1998, importers have the convenience of paying customs via the BAHTNET system directly from their bank accounts:
If you opt for this payment option, follow these steps:
Complete a duty Payment Form attached to Customs Notification No 77/2543 (with a duplicate copy)
Submit the form and payment at any branch of Krung Thai Bank to the Customs Department’s account (Customs Branch)
The bank will return the duplicate with a payment confirmation number to the importer. Each transaction incurs a bank fee of TBH 30.
Include the payment confirmation number on the first page of the Import Declaration submitted to Customs cashiers for the payment receipt used in cargo inspection and release.
Here is how you pay through this method:
Tax/duty payers instruct their broker banks to electronically transfer payments to the Customs bank.
The broker bank assigns a Transaction Number to the payer and transfers the payment to the Customs bank upon receiving electronic payment authorisation.
Once full payment is received via EFT, the Customs bank electronically transmits payment details to the Customs Department, referencing the Transaction Number.
The payer also sends payment information electronically to the Customs Department using the Transaction Number.
The Customs EDI system cross-checks the received payment information from both the payer and the Customs bank against the Declaration.
If all information matches, the Customs Department sends an electronic message to the payer, instructing them to collect the payment receipt for cargo inspection and release.
There's no doubt that shipping to Thailand can be a complex process, primarily due to the intricacies of its import duties and tax requirements, particularly its excise tax.
This intricate tax structure can be a challenge, even for experienced shippers.
To avoid any shipping hiccups, consider partnering with DHL Express to ensure no complications with your shipping journey to Thailand as we have over 50 years of experience shipping internationally. With millions of packages delivered every single day, DHL Express proves to be a reliable logistics provider for your needs.
Create a DHL Express account today and we ensure your shipment’s journey to Thailand will be smooth as silk.
Yes, all imports value above THB 1500 (approx. MYR 198/200/ USD 44/46) are subject to duty.
Following the de minimis rules, with THB 1500 as the de minimis threshold, duties are incurred on anything above THB 1500, while goods below THB 1500 are exempt from duties.
To calculate Thailand's customs duty for your shipments, multiply your shipment CIF value by duty rate.
This is how the formula looks like:
CIF Value × Duty Rate = Duty Amount
CIF value is the sum total of your shipment value and insurance and freight cost.
To determine the duty rate of your goods, check using its Harmonized System (HS) code.
If the total value of your shipment – calculated based on its cost, insurance and freight (CIF) – is less than the de minimis value of THB 1,500 (approx. MYR 198/200/ USD 44/46), you are exempt from paying import taxes.
Import duties can be paid by either the sender or the receiver.
Typically, import duties are paid by the receiver, but the sender can choose to pay in advance
For DHL Express customer, this can easily be done through your DHL account.
Value-added tax (VAT), which is imposed on the sale of goods, is set at a standard rate of 10% in Thailand.
Currently, there is a reduced VAT rate of 7%, in effect until 30 September 2023, unless extended by the government.